Institutional Animal Ethics Committees (AECs) are the principal means of ensuring the ethical use of animals in research in many countries, yet we understand very little about how they function and how effective they are in implementing policy and achieving their stated aims. In addition, procedures need to be estab- ... quorum should consist entirely of members of one profes-sion or one gender; a quorum should include at least one member whose primary area of expertise is in a … The review committee should establish working rules regarding, for instance, eligibility for membership, a quorum of members, frequency of meetings, decision-making procedures, and review of decisions. Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) is a local body, approved by CPCSEA, which has Animal Welfare Committee. The . Government has constituted a Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) under the provision of Section 15 of PCA Act 1960. MEETINGS Introduction. SUB-COMMITTEES 32 The Committee may establish standing sub-committees or working parties of an ad hoc nature from time to time. Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) is the committee formed of a group of people who go through the research protocol / proposal and state whether or not it is ethically acceptable. It is very important that you first read the Guidelines for completion of applications to Animal Research Ethics Committee Applicants seeking information on the Animal Research Ethics can email to Dept-Secretary-AREC@wits.ac.za or Shaun.Schoeman@wits.ac.za - 011 717 1408 or Charmaine.khumalo@wits.ac.za - 011 717 1788 Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) are centrally important in applying laws about animal research in the United States. A focus on research of an international quality and the fostering of an outstanding research culture have positioned UWA as one of the best universities in Australia and in the top 150 in the world. The guiding principle of these committees is … Questions about these guidelines should be referred to the APA Committee on Animal Research and Ethics (CARE) via email at researchethics@apa.org, by phone at 202- 336-6000, or in writing to the APA Science Directorate, Office of Research Ethics, 750 First St., NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. University Animal Ethics Committee is regulated by Council Procedure No 1 (Committees), with the exceptions of sections 6.15 (the holding of multiple positions by a single member, 7.7 (quorum), 7.10 (determining questions before a committee) and 9 (decisions between meetings) which are inconsistent with requirements of the Scientific Use Code. National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. NHMRC's Animal Welfare Committee advises us on issues about the care and use of animals in biomedical research. Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) is an independent body constituted of medical/scientific and non medical/scientific members, whose responsibility is to ensure the protection of the rights, safety and well-being of human subjects involved in a clinical trial. Most research involving laboratory animals is funded by the United States National Institutes of Health or, to lesser extents, other federal agencies. However, since biomedical research involving human subjects is rapidly expanding in the country with the involvement of an increasing number of non-governmental institutions, as a result of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the National Council for Science and Technology must position OHRP is part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health in the Office of the Secretary of HHS. Ethics in Animal Experimentation. The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) provides leadership in the protection of the rights, welfare, and wellbeing of human subjects involved in research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The Human Research Ethics Committee is a Vice Chancellor's Advisory Committee that is responsible to the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research). The Committee may only take actions at meetings where a quorum exists. List of National Ethics Committees Country Albania Committee Name Albanian National Bioethics Committee Address Rr. The review committee should establish and widely disseminate its rules and procedures. HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEE CONSTITUTION 5 31 The HREC may also be supported by Office for Research staff involved in the ethical review of research that does not require review by the HREC. Animals (Control & Supervision) 1998 (amended in 2001 and 2006) framed under the PCA 1960. Animal ethics is a branch of ethics which examines human-animal relationships, the moral consideration of animals and how nonhuman animals ought to be treated. Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes (8th ed., 2013) (the Code). At most colleges and universities, ethics committees called institutional review boards (IRBs) are formally chosen to approve, review, and monitor bio-medical and behavioral research involving humans. The Royal Women's Hospital Human Research Committee is responsible and reports directly to the Chief Executive Officer of the Hospital. 17 In countries that did have research ethics committees, the committees met infrequently, had limited funding, and involved members with inadequate training in human research ethics. and have their proposals reviewed by the appropriate ethics committees. The Australian Code for the care and use of Animals for Scientific Purposes 8 th Edition 2013 (The Code) requires that: - “Before appointment, all members of Animal Ethics Committees (AEC) should acknowledge in writing their acceptance of the terms of reference of the Committee and any requirements for confidentiality required by the institution.” Research Animal Ethics Committee. It is the job of the institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC 1) to ensure that these ethical standards are met in the conduct of any animal research, inside as well as outside the laboratory. Genetically modified and cloned animals for scientific purposes Use of animals for testing of cosmetics Guidelines to promote the wellbeing of animals used for scientific purposes. Definition - Committee: means the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) established under section 13(b) of the Act. on human subjects have been developed and established in interna- ... bers of ethics committees. The research has been approved by the Human Ethics Committee of the University (approval #0000027792) and you can find more information below. 7 This Guide is designed to assist Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in fulfilling their important role when they review research proposals involving human beings.1 The aim is to highlight, from a European perspective, the key ethical issues that RECs are likely to face. Committee Actions B.2.1 Quorum. The Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) is a formally constituted committee of the University and is registered with the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia.. humans and animals in India. University Human Research Ethics Committee is regulated by Council Procedure No 1 (Committees), with the exception of section 6.15 (the holding of multiple positions by a single member) and 7.7 (quorum) which are inconsistent with requirements of the National Statement. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. All research involving the use of animals at Peter Mac must be reviewed and approved by the Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee (AEEC). Organizational Policy and Values "The culture of any organization can be documented in its rules and values, but the real culture and worth of an organization is truly demonstrated in the behavior of its members." Non-human primates. Reshit Petrela No 27 Tirana, ALbania Phone +355 42 682029313 Website Contact Email gliorion@icc-al.org Region EURO Country Algeria Committee Name Conseil National de l'Éthique des Sciences de la Santé Address Ministère de la santé, de la population et de la réforme hospitalière procedure involving human subjects should be clearly formulated in an experimental protocol which should be transmitted for consideration, comment and guidance to a specially appointed committee independent of the investigator and the sponsor provided that this independent committee is in conformity with the laws and regulations of the country Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. Through the Chief Executive Officer, the Committee reports to the Board of Directors. These RECs are the only legally competent ethics committees to asssess all kind of biomedical research including drug research. 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